Also, you can create all of these in Track – New – …
“The average level of a movie should normally be approximately 6 dB below that, in film work, using digital audio, it was generally agreed that dialogue levels were consistently running 30 dB below full scale, giving film audio 30 dB of “emotional” headroom. Dialog is therefore 7 to 9 dB below the reference level. This would be equivalent to app. 76 dBA.
My informal survey already shows a solid trend: no movie is ever played at 7 anymore, 5 is standard.
Commercials and trailers are routinely played back at 3.5, maximum 4. A check of the playlist notes of arthouse Studio K in Amsterdam reveals playback levels for the main movie of between 4.2 and 5.
The operator of arthouse Louis Hartlooper in Utrecht tells me that every Thursday various parts of all movies are viewed in their cinema (this is much easier with DCP than 35mm). Even when movies move to a new cinema room, they are viewed again. The optimum level is set by ear and programmed into the DCP server. Almost always that level is between 4 and 5. Another arthouse in Utrecht, ‘t Hoogt, also previews every movie on Thursday’s. On average they end up at 5.5, with 4.5 being the softest. Once in a while, they come across a movie that can be played at 6.3. Their goal is that soft sounds should be audible, loud scenes not too loud. They want to avoid complaints from the audience.
The level varies, but many movies are projected at 4, the maximum after one year of operation is 5.4.
“I always visit at least ten cinemas when my movie is out. In the past I always mastered at 7. But these days projections have a maximum at 6, more usual 5.5, sometimes even 4.7. This is mainly caused by audience complaints about loud movies. I have surrendered and now work at 5.5 myself.”
In my opinion, it would make sense to limit the short-term (3 secs) exposure to 100 dBA. That would be a max S (short-term) of approximately -6 LUFS.”
Edit Audio for film in ProTools:
Link 1: https://youtu.be/ksiKKmgJpkI
Link 2: https://youtu.be/GNMH_YX_tq4